Carter Hargrave

Martial Arts Expert And CEO

October 20, 2014
by Carter Hargrave
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Make System Font Larger In Mac OSX

  • This is the best we can do until Apple decides to let us have a DPI setting like Microsoft has for years.
  • When you’re on the other side of 50, as I am, you become less concerned about how fast your Mac is, and more interested in how well you can see the text it displays. Whether your eyes are aging, your young eyes need glasses, or someone that you provide computer support for could use a boost in seeing the screen, no one should have to squint when surfing the Web, reading email, or writing documents. A few key techniques can increase the font size in applications where easy-to-see text makes the biggest difference.

Bigger fonts and word processing

Most applications that let you compose text also let you adjust the font size. If you’re using a word processor such as Apple’s Pages or Microsoft’s Word, or a text editor such as Apple’s built-in TextEdit, you have numerous font and size options. It’s a good idea to increase your font size by a few points if you use corrective lenses; even if the font looks all right, you might not realize that you’re squinting.

In Apple apps such as Pages and TextEdit, pressing Command-T brings up a Fonts panel. Word and other text-heavy programs have a dedicated Font or Format menu. (In Word, choose Format > Font.) There, you can choose the font and size that you find most comfortable to work with.


The Fonts panel, which many Apple applications use, lets you choose a suitable font and font size for your eyes.

More readable by default: If you’d rather not fiddle with font size over and over, change your defaults. For example, in Word, adjust your settings in the Font window and then click the Default button at the bottom. In TextEdit, choose TextEdit > Preferences and then tweak the Plain text font and Rich text fontsettings.

Bigger fonts and browsing the Web

Many apps use the Command-plus (+) shortcut to increase font size. For example, if you use Apple’s Safari or Mozilla’s Firefox as your browser, you can press that keyboard shortcut—or choose View > Zoom In—at any time. If the fonts are too big on certain pages, Command-minus (−) makes them one notch smaller. Many other apps that display text use the Command-plus shortcut as well, so try it if you ever need to make text bigger in a particular application.

Safari settings: As an alternative approach in Safari, go to Safari > Preferencesand click the Advanced tab. Under ‘Accessibility’, select Never use font sizes smaller than and adjust the font size to a comfortable level.

Trackpad tips: In Safari, you can also zoom in to increase the size of the entire page. If you use a trackpad, you can pinch out to zoom in, and pinch in to zoom back out. This works in some other apps as well. (If it doesn’t work for you, check Zoom In or Out in the Scroll & Zoom section of System Preferences’ Trackpad pane.) You can also double-tap with two fingers to get a quick zoom in Safari; double-tapping again zooms out. (This setting is also in the Trackpad preference pane.)

Bigger fonts in the Finder


With the View Options settings, you can get the perfect-size fonts in Finder windows.

To make it easier to see folder and file names in Finder windows, press Command-J, or choose View > Show View Options, when a Finder window is visible. Select Text Size, and you’ll get a popup menu that lets you choose a font size of from 10 points to 16 points. Click Use as Defaults to apply this new font size to all windows in the current view. You’ll have to make this change for each different Finder view you use (Icon, List, Column, and/or Cover Flow) that you want it to apply to. (See “Get the most out of Finder views” for tips.)

Easy-to-see sidebars

Sidebars are important because they give you a list of items that you may want to use often, such as folders in the Finder.

iTunes and iPhoto: In iTunes and iPhoto, go into the programs’ preferences to change sidebar text size. In iTunes’ General preferences, select Use large text for list views. And in iPhoto’s Appearance preferences, choose Source Text > Large. (The two iPhoto text options available are ‘Large’ and ‘Small’, though I’d call them ‘Medium’ and ‘Tiny’.)

The Finder: To change the size of items in the Finder’s sidebar, open System Preferences, and then click the General icon. In the ‘Sidebar icon size’ setting, you can choose ‘Small’, ‘Medium’, or ‘Large’. This setting affects not only the Finder’s icons, but also the size of the associated text. Curiously, though this setting changes the same items in the sidebar in Apple’s Mail, it doesn’t affect other Apple apps.


The three sizes available for Finder sidebar icons also affect the size of the associated fonts.

Bigger fonts in Mail and Messages

Other apps offer font and size settings too. Apple’s Mail has a slew of options in its Fonts & Colors preference pane (Mail > Preferences > Fonts & Colors). You can choose a different font and size for the message list, and for messages, as well as for any fixed-width text.

Apple’s Messages lets you change the font and size for incoming and outgoing messages independently. Go to Messages > Preferences, click Messages, and then click the Set Font button next to each of the two background color sections.


Choose the font, font size, and background color for Messages.

Zoom everything

In System Preferences’ Accessibility pane, you can turn on zooming that affects your entire display. Click the Zoom icon in the sidebar of that preference pane, and check either or both Use keyboard shortcuts to zoom and Use scroll gesture with modifier keys to zoom. I often use the scrolling option—which, on a trackpad, is a two-finger drag—to get a closer look at things that I can’t zoom any other way, such as text in graphics on webpages.


OS X’s Accessibility preferences pane offers options for zooming your whole screen.

Finally, if you have a Mac that permits you to change the display resolution, you might want to go that route. The Displays preference pane of System Preferences lets you scale your display. Try it and see if you can see enough on your screen after magnifying its scale. This alteration changes the number of pixels on the screen and, therefore, the size of text in the menubar, menu items, and so on.

Although font size settings are limited to certain apps, it’s good to know where you can make this change. Set up your most-used apps appropriately, and your eyes will thank you for making them work a bit less.

May 28, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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The History And Removal Of Chi Sao From Bruce Lee’s Jeet Kune Do

Chi Sao is a sensitivity drill used primarily in Wing Chun Kung Fu. By sensitivity it is meant as a practice drill between two practitioners by means of touching of hands and wrists through multiple set patterns of movements. These movements involve back and forth, up and down, and circular patterns. The key is to anticipate your opponents movements and to stay with them as they make simulated attacking movements. The movements have Chinese names like Tan Sao, Pak Sao, Jing Jang, Fook Sao hooking hand, Jut Sao or jerking hand.

 

To do proper Chi Sao, it takes a great deal of time to develop the sensitivity. The drill make you more efficient at reacting by reflex to an opponents actions. So to sum up Chi Sao it is a reactive tool, or defensive in nature. Once attacked Bruce Lee felt you were no longer on the defense, you are now the attacker.

Jeet Kune Do used the Wing Chun Chi Sao drills and then they were modified to be more combat like by eliminating the circular chi sao drills. Bruce felt that the formed patterns were holding back students and practitioners by limiting them to a closed circle. Bruce only cared about how a technique or drill worked in combat.

In 1971 Bruce Lee decided to completely eliminate the Chi Sao drills all together. He believed that even his combat modified Chi Sao as taught in his Oakland California school was putting a damper on the effectiveness of JKD, and that it was too difficult in combat to read the moves or energy of an opponent. He would rather attack the attack to begin with regardless of what energy the opponent was giving you.

In the end Chi Sao is an effective tool for defensive sensitivity training, but not for real world fighting in Jeet Kune Do where the focus is on the offensive after being attacked or threatened.

May 18, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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Can You Heal Yourself With Your Mind Instead Of Pills?

What if you had the ability to heal your body just by changing how you think and feel? I know it sounds radical, coming from a doctor. When people are doing everything “right”—eating veggies, avoiding red meat and processed foods, exercising, sleeping well and so forth—we should expect them to live long, prosperous lives and die of old age while peacefully slumbering, right? So why is it that so many health nuts are sicker than other people who pig out, guzzle beer and park in front of the TV?

I consider myself one of those health nuts. I drink my green juice, take my vitamins, hike and practice yoga daily, get quality sleep, see a doctor and avoid harmful toxins. And yet I have come to believe that the purely physical realm of illness—the part you can diagnose with laboratory tests—is only part of the equation. It’s a big part, mind you, but not the whole shebang. My experience with patients (as well as my personal background) has led me to the conclusion that whether they become sick or stay healthy, as well as whether they remain ill or manage to heal themselves, might have more to do with everything else that’s going on in their lives than with any specific health standard they abide by.

When healthy habits aren’t enough

Five years ago, I started working in an integrative medicine practice. My new patients were some of the most health-conscious people I’ve ever had the privilege to serve. Many of them ate a vegan diet, worked out, slept soundly each night and took vitamins every morning. But some of them were also mysteriously sick, complaining of fatigue, aches, gastrointestinal disturbances and other symptoms. I was baffled! I ran batteries of tests, and occasionally I would pick up something that eventually resulted in the complete resolution of a patient’s symptoms. But more often than not, I would find nothing.

Health.com: 27 Mistakes Healthy People Make

I was really motivated to solve the puzzle of why these “healthy” patients were so sick. Instead of focusing exclusively on physician-recommended behaviors, medical history and other traditional factors, I dug deep into their personal lives. I asked them questions: “What do you love about yourself? What’s missing from your life? What do you appreciate about your life? Are you in a romantic relationship? If so, are you happy? If not, do you wish you were? Are you fulfilled at work? Do you feel like you’re in touch with your life’s purpose? Do you feel sexually satisfied? Do you express yourself creatively? Do you feel financially stable, or are you stressed about money? If your fairy godmother could change one thing about your life, what would you wish for?”

My patients’ answers often gave me more insight into why they might be sick than any lab test or exam could. They were unhealthy not because of bad genes or poor habits or rotten luck, but because they were lonely or miserable in their relationships, stressed about work, freaked out about their finances or profoundly depressed.

On the flip side, I had other patients who ate junk, forgot to take their supplements, rarely exercised and enjoyed seemingly perfect health. Their responses revealed that their lives were filled with love, fun, meaningful work, creative expression, spiritual connection and other traits that differentiated them from the sick health enthusiasts.

Health.com: Are Your Bad Habits As Bad As You Think?

What’s really making you sick?

That’s when I narrowed it down to two questions I would ask patients at their appointments: “What do you think might lie at the root of your illness?” and “What does your body need in order to heal?” Occasionally, they answered with conventional health-related insights, saying, “I need an antidepressant” or “I need to lose 20 pounds.” But more often than not, they said introspective things, like “I hate my job,” “I need more ‘me’ time,” “I must divorce my spouse,” “I have to finish my novel,” “I need to hire a nanny,” “I need to make more friends,” “I need to forgive myself,” “I need to love myself” or “I need to stop being such a pessimist.” Whoa.

While many patients weren’t ready to do what their intuition told them their bodies needed, my bravest patients made radical changes. Some quit their jobs. Others left their marriages. Some moved to new cities or towns. Others pursued long-suppressed dreams. The results these patients achieved were astonishing. Sometimes, a list of illnesses would disappear, often quickly. Even smaller steps, like talking to a boss about workplace problems or seeing a marriage counselor, helped. I was in awe.

But I shouldn’t have been surprised: I had healed myself in much the same way. By the time I was in my 20s, I had been diagnosed with multiple health conditions, including high blood pressure and precancerous changes on my cervix. At 33, I was burned out, thanks to my career in a busy obstetrics and gynecology practice. I wound up leaving my job, selling my house and liquidating my retirement account. My husband, baby and I moved from chaotic San Diego to a small, sleepy town in Northern California, where I spent two years digging into the root causes of my illness, diagnosing what needed to be changed and mustering up the courage to take action. As a result, my health conditions either completely resolved or drastically improved.

Health.com: 12 Ways We Sabotage Our Mental Health

The get-well RX

This is not “woo-woo” metaphysics here. The scientific evidence I have uncovered in major medical journals backs this up: The lifestyle choices you make can optimize your body’s relaxation response, counteract the stress response and result in physiological changes, leading to better health. The body doesn’t fuel how we live our lives. Instead, it is a mirror of how we live our lives. So if you’re not feeling well, despite doing all the “right” things, take a deep breath and ask yourself: What do I think might lie at the root of my illness? What does my body need in order to heal? If you’re honest with yourself, the answers could save your health—and your life.

Adapted from Mind Over Medicine: Scientific Proof That You Can Heal Yourself by Lissa Rankin, MD (Hay House, May 2013). Dr. Rankin is a physician in Marin County, Calif.

This article originally appeared on Health.com.

May 14, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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On Self Defense Rights – Gun Homicides Take Huge Drop While Gun Ownership Over Last Four Years Sky Rockets

A study released Tuesday by the government’s Bureau of Justice Statistics found that gun-related homicides dropped from 18,253 in 1993 to 11,101 in 2011. That’s a 39 percent reduction for the math challenged like well you know.

The Pew Research Center found a similar decline int the rate of gun homicides, which compares the number of killings to the size of the country’s population. Pew found that the number of gun homicides per 100,000 people fell from 7 in 1993 to 3.6 in 2010, a drop of 49 percent.

Because of the intense publicity generated by recent high profile shootings such as the  20 school children and six educators in Newtown, Connecticut, the public seems to have not noticed the reductions in gun violence, the Pew study states.

The non-partisan groups said a poll it conducted in March showed that 56 percent of people believe the number of gun crimes is higher than it was two decades ago. Only 12 percent said they think the number of gun crimes is lower, while the rest surveyed think it remained the same or no opinion voiced.

The Pew and the Justice reports also found that non-fatal crimes involving guns were down by roughly 70 percent over that period. The Justice report said the number of such crimes diminished from 1.5 million in 1993 to 467,300 in 2011.

The research data was released three weeks after the Senate rejected an effort by gun control supporters to broaden the requirement for federal background checks for more firearms purchases. Senate Democratic leaders have pledged to hold that vote again, and gun control advocates have been raising public pressure on senators who voted no.

Many Senators and pro constitutional groups say the gun control groups have emphasized the wrong approach to controlling firearms violence.

One Senator, Thune, said lawmakers should aim instead at preventing future mass killings by improving mental health programs and increasing the records that state governments send the federal background check system so the checks can do a better job of keeping guns from people who shouldn’t have them.

Gun control supporters said the numbers have declined but remain too high, with U.S. rates of gun killings remaining far greater than most other nations.

The Justice study said that in 2011, about 70 percent of all homicides were committed with firearms.

The trend in firearm-related homicides is part of a broad nationwide decline in violent crime over past two decades, including incidents not involving firearms.

Researchers differ over all the reasons why gun violence has declined, many attribute it to the aging of the baby boomers. The crime rate was higher in the 1960s and 1970s when many in that large generation were teenagers, an age when higher proportions of people commit crimes.

Crime rates dropped in the early 1980s as that generation aged, rose in the latter part of that decade as the use of crack cocaine grew, then dropped again in the 1990s as the nation’s economy improved, analysts say.

The Pew report also said the gun suicide rate is 6.3 per 100,000 people, and there were 19,392 suicides by firearms in 2010. That rate has declined more slowly than the firearms homicide rate, with 6 in 10 gun deaths now suicides, the highest proportion since at least 1981.

The Pew study mainly utilized  federal data from the Centers for Disease Control, and the Justice Department’s National Crime Victimization Survey, a household survey conducted by the Census Bureau.

April 11, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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Spyderco Civilian G-10 Handle Serrated Edge Knife Review 2013

Lets start,out with this. I have carried this for about a year and a half. The finish is coming off the clip as its a carry knife and has been with me every day since I got it. You cannot open this up in a room full of people and not hear instant silence, usually followed by what the hell is that. I’ve used it to cut a few things when I forgot my backup blade. You learn to open cut and pocket it before anyone registers what they saw. You can’t leave it open it like hypnotizes people, and you don’t want to upset those unfamiliar with extreme knives, or those who frighten by pure fierceness.
It is not a strong knife blade wise and was not intended to be. Sole purpose is cut through thick clothing and slice flesh. I always baby the blade, and carry a ken onion to open packages and cut stuff. The civilian is for cutting evil civilians and there is none better. Good quality, very handsome.. I have had this knife two years now and its still going strong.

March 26, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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How To Play Your Itunes Library On Your Mac On Your Ipad Or Ipod Over Your Wifi Network 2013

On your Mac:
Open iTunes on your computer
Click Edit at the top
Click Preferences
Select the Sharing tab
Check the Share my library on my local network checkbox and choose to share entire library or selected playlists
Click OK

On your ipad:
Touch the Music icon (the Music icon for the app that comes with your ipad NOT the iTunes icon which takes you to the iTunes store)
Touch the More button (bottom right of screen)
Touch Shared
Select the Library you wish to use and you are finsished.

For your videos:
on your ipad
touch the Videos icon
touch Shared (small button at top)
Touch your library and select which video you want to watch

March 12, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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Pocket Knives And What Oil To Use When Dealing With Food – Advice From Knife Fighting Teacher Carter Hargrave

I dont know about you but there are definitely times when I must use my pocket knives for food cutting and or food preparation. Mnay guys just use the standard gun oils and wd 40, but I just dont want to eat that stuff. I did several searches and found that some guys are ordering the food grade silicone for knife use like some restaurants use. If you check the prices on food grade silicone you will be taken back by the high price and wish there was a cheaper alternative, and in fact there is. About the silicone you dont want to be ingesting that stuff anyway so stay away from that for health reasons.

If you use your pocket knives for food simply clean them with spray cooking oil like pam. Any oil has rust preventative properties, and spray cooking oils effectiveness at preventing rust is quite high.

The Samurai used clove oil as a rust inhibitor on their weapons and swords. It was light, did not attract dirt and kept rust at bay. The downside today is that clove oil is difficult to find and expensive as the food grade silicone.

In addition to pam cooking spray you can get spray olive oil, spray canola oil and others.

I have tried them all and they all work great and dont add anything unwanted to your food.

 

March 2, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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Bruce Lee’s Chi Sao Energy Hand Techniques Explained

Chi Sao is the feeling of energy, more importantly your adversary energy. The literal English translation of Chi Sao from its Chinese origin is “energy hand.” Some also refer to Chi Sao as “giving hand.” All would be correct. First where and then the why of the Energy Hand. The where would be from its origins in Kung Fu or Wushu which are of course the generic terms for Chinese Arts as there are more systems that utilize the drills in one form or another.

The main point of the Chi Sao is to feel your opponents energy so you can anticipate where he is going with his intent and his strikes or grabs if they are a grappler. It is truly a beautiful thing to watch when a traditional practitioner or teacher of Chinese arts demonstrates their version of Chi Sao drills and forms. Most are choreographed although those with skill just do it to whatever the opponent gives them as far as energy in the form of strikes, or more accurately attempted strikes. Some of this is mentioned in the Tao Of Jeet Kune Do.

Now to the most famous of the energy hand teachers, Bruce Lee. He began his martial arts training from Yip Man his teacher in a style called Wing Chun Kung Fu. This style utilized many of the contact drills, and Lee spent many hours perfecting his skills with a partner.

So the question today, is the technique effective in modern fighting? The answer is a definite maybe. Those teachers who spend vast amounts of time working the Chi Sao drills and teaching them to their students would have to claim that it is very effective in rendering an attackers strikes null and void, and in many instances this could be fact.

Now for the downside. You must be in near constant contact to feel your antagonists energy, which can literally be a pain in butt, or head. What Bruce Lee found out was that in general the Chi Sao must be limited in scope from what was practiced as constant contact in real fights against a trained martial artist who used their hands and not just their feet would be problematic.

What I have found is that Chi Sao is almost useless in sparring. You can still use trapping, lopping (grabbing), and pinning of offending extremities, but the average person is so uncoordinated that energy received is just too slow, and you could more easily just strike them five times than to feel what it was they were trying to do to you.

Bruce Lee used the technique more in the first phase of JKD than in its evolution to a more effective combat art, and shortened the drills to more straight line and cross energy defenses and counter strikes. This first phase was for the most part modified Wing Chun. The second phase was more a pure striking combat that no longer practiced the standard Wing Chun Chi Sao drills, but combat modified drills for the fast striking attackers, and the third phase was basically a Ju Jitsu grapplers heaven in which he abandoned all previous methods.

In all the years and research I have never witnessed any Jeet Kune Do (The system founded by Lee) practitioner ever use Chi Sao proper in sparring. The reason I think this might be so, and you are welcome to form your own hypothesis from your own observations, is that the strikes of JKD are so fast and non reliant upon what the target does, that it is almost a not necessary tool. Now am I saying it is not being used? No, just not in the form we are used to watching. As good fighters we are always feeling the other persons energy or intent whether we are touching them or not. Our counters to this energy just dont take on the form of all the Chi Sao drills of the past. Here is a universal truth as far as an attackers energy. If a man touched me (or any good grappler or Chi Sao practitioner) in a completely dark room it would not take much effort to render them to pain city.

Would traditional Chi Sao like Lee taught at his first school be of practical use against a trained combat fighter in arts such as Krav Maga? No not much as the furious strikes involved would not allow for the circular energy motions of old. Possibly that is why Lee modified his Chi Sao over the years until it was abandoned for grappling. So spending too much time on just one aspect of an art as the means to an end of all attacks is foolish.

It is pretty much a universal agreement with combat art teachers that the drills while useful and a good sensitivity drill, do not transfer well into modern combat, so you will see few schools relying on the traditional drills for primary defense.

I have sparred against many traditonal gung fu teachers that try and pull off the moves to their detriment. If your opponent is familure with the drills and what you are doing, it is like being disarmed, and will not offer you the energy you need anymore. I have also seen others do the same scenerio with the exact same results. In sumation, am I downing the drills? No, they have their place, but know their linitations, and dont fall victim to thinking that your Chi move is the end all battle tehnique.

Carter Hargrave is the President of the World Jeet Kune Do Federation can be reached at http://www.carterhargrave.org or http://www.worldjkd.com. He also teaches Martial Arts in Tulsa Oklahoma at Hargrave Martial Arts.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Carter_Hargrave

February 22, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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What is the Martial Art Style of the Legendary Bruce Lee

Jeet Kune Do or JKD for short has long since been known as the style of no style, but this term has been overused and to a great extent exaggerated to “allow” others to teach JKD without using actual Jeet Kune Do techniques under the guise of defining the art as anything you want to make it. Lee’s intent for his martial art was far from this.

The art, which was formed by Lee in various stages, was finally named in the late 60’s. While continuing to deny that JKD was a “style” he began to show his system to the public with great skepticism from the martial arts community and various Chinese individual who found his teachings to be discourteous to tradition. While it is nothing in the martial arts for a founder of a martial art style to be young (most founders / grandmasters of famous Chinese and Japanese systems were in their 20’s) Lee’s instruction of non-Chinese had the elders in an uproar. He was a pioneer in many different aspects in the martial arts. One of his famous quotes was Jeet Kune Do is only a name so don’t fuss over it, but if he gave so little importance to the name why would he want it on his grave marker. This act would certainly lead one to believe that this name was important, and that it had significant meaning to him and the style known as Jeet Kune Do.

The art of JKD is difficult for many to grasp if it is taught in a manner shrouded in mystery, as is the case in most situations. For this reason the World Jeet Kune Do Federation was formed many years ago to clear up the mess and allow each and every individual to practice and learn the real art, and to gain legitimate martial art rankings for their hard work and dedication. There have been many attempts to bring the styles instructors and associations together as one, none of which has ever succeeded. Today there are two basic JKD systems to choose from. The original JKD, and JKD concepts. The original JKD is as its name implies the core art as founded. The concepts rely on other arts in an attempt to improve Lee?s system. Neither is better than the other, only different.

The original art itself is a modification of Lee’s first martial art style of Wing Chun Kung Fu. So many modifications in fact that it is very hard to see some of the similarities of the two systems. The blocks and hand maneuvers such as grabbing, sticking, and energy techniques have their roots in Wing Chun but the finished product is pure JKD. JKD has had such an influence in the martial art word the even the core art of Wing Chun has adopted JKD sparring techniques. The second of the three arts in the core of original JKD is French Fencing. Who can deny the speed and agility in the art of fencing? The footwork is a combining and modifying of fencing, Wing Chun, boxing movements, placements and displacements. And the final art of Western or American Boxing for the Muhammad Ali hand maneuvers and punches.

It was Lee’s goal to create the worlds most effective fighting system. Jeet Kune Do or translated Way of the Intercepting Fist was what Bruce Lee referred to as “Scientific Street Fighting”.

Carter Hargrave Jeet Kune Do Teacher can be reached at  The World Jeet Kune Do Federation or at his private school, Hargrave Martial Arts in Tulsa Oklahoma.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Carter_Hargrave

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/2687151

February 21, 2013
by Carter Hargrave
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What Did Bruce Lee Teach

What is the Martial Art Style of the Legendary martial arts Icon Bruce Lee? We get asked and hear this question. The style that Lee founded in called Jeet Kune Do or way of the intercepting fist. For all the techniques you can find in the Original Jeet Kune Do Training Manual. Now what exactly is in the Style or System known as Jeet Kune Do.

There have been countless books and stories on Bruce Lee and his philosophy, and a few on his martial art system, with none really touching on the actual techniques taught, other than the Original Jeet Kune Do Training Manual, and in the training outline books that were available to some of his students.

This article will include all of the teachniques taught by Lee during his lifetime at his three famous schools that were located in Oakland California, Seattle Washington, and Los Angeles California. One of the many falacies around Bruce Lee of course was that his martial art system was not a style, and was more of a vision or concept without any form or guidelines. While this helps add to the mystery that is Bruce Lee, it does nothing to help the martial art student wanting to practice what Lee had designed and taught.

Here in article form for the first time is the complete listing of techniques he taught at his schools. While space and logistics do not permit me to detail each of the specific moves, this will give you a general knowledge of what went on behind closed doors at Lee’s private martial arts accademies.

Seattle Washington Bruce Lee School

Gin-Lai or Salutation
Bi-jong or ready stance (Incorporating the Centreline Theory)
Immovable Elbow Theory
Four Corner Theory

Footwork:
Forward
Backward
Shifting right
Shifting left
Sil Lim Tao (basic form taught in Seattle)
Straight punches and elbow punches and various body punches
Bil-jee (finger jab)

Kicks:
Forward straight heel kick
Forward shovel kick
Side kick
Low side kick
Low toe kick
Groin toe kick
Hook kick (medium & high)
Spinning back hook kicks
Chi Sao (sticking hands)

Blocks:
Tan sao
Bong sao
Gong sao
Vertical fist punch
Fook sao or elbow contained bent wrist block
Palm strikes – vertical – side – and palm up

Techniques:
Pak sao
Lop sao
Chop chuie – Gwa chuie
Pak sao lop sao gwa chuie
Lop sao chung chuie lop sao chung chuie
Chop chuie gwa chuie lop sao chung chuie

Oakland California Bruce Lee School

Salutation

Kicking Drills:
Five corner kicking: alternating kicks between left and right foot.
Five corner kicking: Bi Jong and Natural stance.
Clockwork kicking: real-time kicking with the closest weapon.
Combination clockwork kicking & hitting: advanced.
Key: real-time, no hesitation, no chambering, closest weapon to closest target.
Ranges of combat

Stance: Bi Jong
Lead stance: shuffle, front, rear, side.
Form is the essence, balanced, smooth, feet stay on the ground, (skating)
Strictly lower body movements: each movement is independent.
Comfortable and alive, natural bounce, not rigid or stiff with hops or jumps.
Shuffle to various strikes and kicks.

Key: be alive and comfortable.

Evasive Maneuvers
Evade various strikes (some exaggerated to make easier)
Evade various kicks.
Evade various combinations of strikes and kicks.
Minimal movement to make opponent miss.
Know what position and distance is safe for you.
Individualize and adapt to the size and reach of the opponent.
Evade and counter: after learning the above.
Keys: Better to miss by an inch then to block by a mile.
To block is to get hit.
Don’t engage the opponent, disengage him.
(e.g. don’t tangle yourself in blocking and trapping movements)
The whole idea is to intercept his physical and emotional intent to hurt you.
Classical versus the New (modern)
Sil lim tao: performed the semi classical semi wing chun way. Even this was modified.
Regarding trapping: cut the movement in half for realism.
Concentrate on speed and economy of motion.
Hook punch: closer to the body than a boxer.
Elbow next to the ribs, much tighter and compact.
Key: centreline theory (from the centre, not outside or wide).
Rear heel kick: tighter, more centred.

Separate punching drills:
Centreline punching (rapid): straight-line blast with closing footwork.
Separate kicking drills
– Two Aspects for improved kicking:
Power: Water in the hose analogy for transfer of force through target.
Speed: Whip analogy for speed of recovery:(e.g. shoe laces pop, kicking a gnat out of the air)

Combine, blend power with speed drills, and make adjustments.
Keys: Delivery system – instant, fast relaxed.
Hand before foot
Non-telegraphic (no pre-steps or stutter steps)(for punching: no flinching)
Complete emphasis on speed and economy of motion.
The less you move the better.
Clean and sharp as a two edged sword, pure Chinese Kung-Fu.
Power comes with time, sometimes years; on the spot power.
Speed comes with accuracy.
Proper form and body alignment with balance.
Footwork is supposed to be light and easy, not jumping around stiff, but relaxed and smooth without deliberation, angular and instant.

Basic Trapping:
Pak sao
Lop sao
Gong sao
Jut sao
Tan sao
Bong sao

Economy of motion: cut these movements in half.
One hand trap
Two hand trap

Key: Trapping is only a by-product.

Hit, hit and more hit: not trap, trap and then hit.
While engaging an opponent, if there’s emptiness?Hit.
Skim and glide with friction but let the Chi flow.
Line drills (Quiet awareness)

Sensitivity: Touch vs. Non-Touch.
Line drills: realism
Distance: Measure your distance
Safe
No man’s land
Gates, body positions, and zones

Key: Put yourself where you’re safe and the opponent is not.
Circle to the outside of the strong side, away from rear hand.
Immobilize the lead leg or hand, after you hit, not before.
Practice Drills
Attack and defence.
Key: Stun him first, before obstruction, to break his rhythm or forward momentum.
Apparatus training
Finger jab
Straight blast
Side kick: shin, knee target
Side kick: power through target
Strikes to traps
Kicks to traps
Bridging the gap
Basic wing chun traps
Strike to hand immobilization to takedown
Kick to leg immobilization to takedown
Backfist (high to low, low to high)
Keys: All trapping concludes in hitting
Don’t punch and kick at an opponent, kick and punch through him
Broken rhythm (Don’t be predictable)
Using the stop-kick as a jab as you incorporate it in footwork (e.g. be loose, fluid, Ali-like)
Burning foot: hand to foot impetus.
The pendulum: avoidance then following back swiftly and instantaneously.

Basic and primary goal: Each student must find his ownIdentifying the tools
Using the tools
Sharpening the tools
Dissolving the tools

In adapting to the opponent:

The Three Phrases:Ice: solid, unchanging, rigid.
Water: liquid, flowing.
Steam: gaseous, focused pressure.
Sparring and Combat Freestyles

Los Angeles California Bruce Lee School

Fitness Program
Alternate splits
Waist twisting (three times to each side)
Run in place
Shoulder circling
High kicks
Side kick raise
Sit-ups
Waist twisting
Leg raises
Forward bends

Punching:
(Hanging paper*, glove, glove pad, wall pad, heavy bag)

*Paper Hanging exercise

Bruce taught this exercise for two reasons, control and speed. Tape two wires to a concrete wall. The wires allow you to put an 8 by 11 sheet of paper at different depths towards the wall. The idea was to strike the paper as hard as you could, without moving it. You kept pushing the paper closer and closer until it laid against the wall. You had to hit as hard as you could, without busting your hand up. You became very skilled at depth control. The second exercise was for speed. You hung the paper from two corners, about shoulder high. The idea was to rip the paper with a punch. This required two elements, speed and recoil. It was the recoiling action that tore the paper. This was an important quality for doing concussion punching.

Warm-up – the letting out of water [the idea of dropping the hammer loosely]
The straight punch (left/right) then with pursuing
The entering straight right
high
low
The back fist

Kicking:
Warm-up – (left/right)
letting out of water
the whip
Side kick – (left/right)
[note: choice of group training method]
Facing two lines
In group
One student comes out
Straight kick – (left/right)
Rear kick
The shin/knee/groin kicks
Hook kicks [low first] and toe kick
Combination kicking – eventually with hand

Basic Defense:
The stop hit
The shin/knee kick
The finger jab (close range)
Any type of kick to fit in
The four-corner counter
Power training:
Isometric training:
The upward outward force
The basic power training
The punch
The kick
Classical techniques
Pak sao
Lop sao
Gwa chuie
Chop chuie/gwa chuie
Pak sao/gwa chuie
Double lop sao (a & b)
Chop chuie/gwa chuie, lop sao/gwa chuie
Jut sao
Pak sao/jut sao
Chop chuie/gwa chuie/jut tek
Inside gate tan da
Tan da low/gwa chuie
Chop chuie/gwa chuie/lop sao

Combination:
Right hand feint with groin kick
Right kick feint with bil-jee
Right feint to stomach with right straight to head
Right feint to head shift to right to stomach.

I hope this gives you some much needed insight into the secret world of Bruce Lee, his schools, and to what the art of Jeet Kune Do is about.

Carter Hargrave is an Author and Teacher in Tulsa Oklahoma and at Hargrave Martial Arts

For more information on Jeet Kune Do contact the World Jeet Kune Do Federation.

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